Andrew Johnson became
president when Abraham Lincoln was assassinated.
His biases quickly alienated moderate
Republicans and put the Radicals in
charge of Reconstruction. Conflict between
the Radicals and Johnson climaxed in
the first impeachment of a president
in US history.
The Ulysses S. Grant Administration (Republican, 1869-1877)
The famous Union Civil
War General Ulysses S. Grant was considered
a great general but a terrible president.
He consistently ranks near the bottom
of the historian's poll. His administration
was saddled by incompetence and corruption.
The main issues during his 8 years in
office were Reconstruction, the economy,
civil service reform, and a split in the
Boss Tweed's long political career became notorious when, as leader of New York's Tammany Hall machine, he stole between 40 million and 200 million from New York's taxpayers. His story was immortalized through the political cartooning of Thomas Nast of Harper's Weekly.
The era of Reconstruction ended with the longest-contested presidential election in American history. While the Republicans maintained control of the White House in the Compromise of 1877, their control over the governments of the South slipped away, setting back the Civil Rights of African Americans for generations.